St. Francis Xavier's Girls' School & College

সেন্ট ফ্রান্সিস জেভিয়ার্স গার্লস স্কুল এন্ড কলেজ

St. Francis Xavier's Girls' School & College

EIIN-108489 | College Code-1381 | School Code-1103

Saint Francis

Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552)

Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552) was a Spanish Roman Catholic missionary and a co-founder of the Society of Jesus, commonly known as the Jesuits. Born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta on April 7, 1506, in the Castle of Xavier, in the Kingdom of Navarre (now part of Spain), he played a crucial role in the early spread of Christianity in Asia.

Early Life and Education
Francis Xavier was the youngest son of a noble family. He pursued his studies at the University of Paris, where he met Ignatius of Loyola. This meeting proved to be pivotal, as Ignatius convinced him to join a small group of men who took vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, forming the foundation of the Society of Jesus in 1534.

Missionary Work In 1540, the Society of Jesus was officially recognized by Pope Paul III. The following year, Xavier was sent as a missionary to the Portuguese Empire in Asia. His mission took him to India, Southeast Asia, and Japan.

India Xavier arrived in Goa, India, in 1542. He spent several years there, preaching, baptizing, and setting up schools and churches. His efforts were largely successful, and he is credited with converting tens of thousands of people to Christianity.

Southeast Asia and Japan Xavier’s missionary zeal took him to Malacca (in present-day Malaysia) and the Maluku Islands (in present-day Indonesia). In 1549, he embarked on a pioneering mission to Japan, becoming the first Jesuit to do so. He learned the Japanese language and culture, and although he faced many challenges, he established a Christian community in Japan.

Legacy and Death In 1552, Xavier set his sights on China. However, he fell ill and died on December 3, 1552, on the island of Shangchuan, off the coast of China, without ever setting foot on the mainland.

Francis Xavier was canonized by Pope Gregory XV in 1622. He is the patron saint of Catholic missions and missionaries and is celebrated for his extensive missionary journeys and his profound impact on the spread of Christianity in Asia. His body, miraculously well-preserved, is enshrined in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, making it a significant site of pilgrimage.
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